Detailed List of 20 Highest Mountains in India

Detailed List of 20 Highest Mountains in India

Detailed List of 20 Highest Mountains in India

The Greater Himalayas are the highest mountains in the world, with major peaks in the Karakoram, Kanchenjunga and Garwar mountains shared by India, Pakistan and China. Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world and is located in India. They are the highest mountains in India. In this article, we have categorized 20 important mountains in India and some of their important facts such as their height, parent mountain, rank, highest peak, prominence, location, etc. Check them out here.

The 20 major mountains of India:

1. Kanchenjunga:

This is the third highest peak in the world, between Nepal and India, and 3 of the 5 peaks are in India. Until 1852, these mountains were considered the highest mountains in the world. However, calculations carried out during the Great Triangulation of India in 1949 showed that Mount Everest was the highest mountain in the world, while Kanchenjunga was the third highest.

  • Mountain: Kanchenjunga / Kanchenjunga
  • Mountains: Himalayas
  • high: 8586m (28169ft)
  • Highest point: Kanchenjunga has 5 peaks

Peak, height and position:

    • Kanchenjunga Main 8586m North Sikkim, India
    • Kanchenjunga West 8505m Taplejung, Nepal
    • Kanchenjunga Central 8482m North Sikkim, India
    • Kanchenjunga South 8494m North Sikkim, India
    • Kangbachen 7903m Taplejung, Nepal
  • First ascent: Joe Brown and George Band 25 May 1955 (first winter ascent of Jerzy Kukuczka and Krzyszt of Wielicki 11 January 1986)
  • protrude: 3922
  • Place: Taplejung District, Nepal: Sikkim, India
  • condition: Sikkim

2. Nanda Devi:

Nanda Devi is the second highest mountain in India, and the highest peak is located entirely within India. Mount Nanda Devi is ranked 23rd in the world. Until 1975, it was the highest mountain in India. However, with the addition of Sikkim to the Indian province in 1975, Nanda Devi took the lead, making Nanda Devi the second highest mountain in the country. Nanda Devi means “the goddess who gives happiness” and is considered the patron saint of Uttarakhand. The Nanda Devi Mountains have one of the steepest peaks in the world.

  • Mountain: Nanda Devi
  • Mountains: garwal himalayas
  • high: 7816 m (25643 ft)
  • Highest point: Lord Nanda Devi
  • First ascent: August 29, 1936 Noel Odell and Bill Tillman
  • protrude: 3139 meters
  • Place: Chamoly
  • condition: Uttarakhand

3. Kamet:

The Kamet Range is the third highest mountain range in India and the second highest mountain range in the Garwar region of Uttarakhand. It looks like a giant pyramid with a flat summit area and 2 peaks. The mountain is located near the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, so it is extremely difficult to climb because the proximity to the plateau makes it very windy, and for the same reason, although the climbing of the mountain started in 1855. It was not successful until 1931. Kamet was also the first to summit over 25,000 feet, the highest peak reached before the conquest of Harder Devi 5 years later.

  • Mountain: Carmet
  • Mountains: garwal himalayas
  • high: 7756m (25446ft)
  • Highest point: not applicable
  • First ascent: June 21, 1931 by Frank Smythe, Eric Shipton, RL Holdsworth and Lewa Sherpa
  • protrude: 2825 meters
  • Place: Chamory District
  • condition: Uttarakhand

4. Saltoro Kangri/K10:

This is the highest peak of the Saltoro Mountains and is part of the Karakoram Mountains. It ranks 31st on the list of the highest mountains in the world, but is located in a very remote location deep in the Karakoram. It draws a line between India and Pakistan, the territory controlled by India is the Siachen area, and the area controlled by Pakistan is the Saltoro Mountains to the west. In 1935, a British expedition made the first attempt to climb the mountain, which started from the Pakistani side, but made no attempt. The real success was achieved in 1962 by Pakistani climber RA Bashir. The first Indian to climb the mountain was Colonel Narendra Kumar in 1981, and no one has attempted it so far.

  • Mountain: Saltoro Conrey
  • Mountains: Saltoro Mountains, Karakoram
  • high: 7742 m (25400 ft)
  • Highest point: not applicable
  • First ascent: 1962 Y. Takamura, A. Saito, Capt. Bashir
  • protrude: 2160 m (7090 ft)
  • Place: Saltoro Ridge (covering the Siachen Glacier)
  • condition: under Indian control.Pakistan raises objection

5. Shockwave Kangri/K22:

Sasser Kangri is a mountain located in India. It is Saser Muztagh, the highest peak in the eastern sub-mountain of the Western Sa Karakoram Mountains. The mountain Saser Kangri is located in the northernmost state of Jammu and Kashmir in India. It is located at the northwestern tip of Saser Muztagh, towards the head of the North Shukpa Kunchang Glacier. This is the main glacier that flows into the eastern slope, while the Sakang and Pukpoche glaciers flow into the Nubra River.

  • Mountain: Shockwave Health
  • Mountains: Saser Muztagh, Karakoram
  • high: 7672 m (25171 ft)

Mountain name and height:

    • Sasser Kangri I, 7672m
    • Sasser Kangri II (East), 7518m
    • Sasser Kangri II (West), 7500m
    • Sasser Kangri III, 7495m
    • Sasser Kangri IV, 7416m
    • Plateau Peak, 7287m
  • First ascent: June 5, 1973 by Dawa Norbu, Ta Tenzing, Nima Tenzing, Thondup
  • protrude: 2304 meters
  • Place: Jammu and Kashmir
  • condition: Jammu and Kashmir

6. Mamotong Kangri/K35:

Mamostang Kangri is the highest peak of Rimo Muztagh, a sub-mountain of the Karakoram Mountains in eastern Jammu and Kashmir, on the border with China. It is the 48th highest peak in the world in the independent category. Glaciers facing the Mamostang Kangri slope include the South Chong Kumdan Glacier, Kichik Kumdan Glacier, Mamostong and South Terong Glaciers. Due to its remoteness and political turmoil, the mountain is not visited by many people.

  • Mountain: mamotongkang day
  • mountain range: Rimo Muztagh, Karakoram
  • high: 7516 m (24659 ft)
  • Highest point: not applicable
  • First ascent: Indo-Japanese expedition led by Colonel BS Sandhu on 13 September 1984
  • protrude: 1803 meters
  • Place: Jammu and Kashmir
  • condition: Jammu and Kashmir

7. Thalamcon Day:

Teram Kangri I is a mountain from the Teram Kangri group, which is located in the remote Siachen Muztagh, a subrange of the Karakoram Mountains. The northeast of the mountain lies on the border of India and China, and to the southwest is the disputed Siachen Glacier between India and Pakistan. The northeastern side of the mountain is currently controlled by China, while the disputed southwestern part is currently controlled by India.

  • Mountain: tarram kang day
  • Mountains: Siachen Muztagh, Karakoram
  • high: 7462 m (24482 ft)
  • Highest point: Thalamconri I
  • first ascent: 1975 by K.Kodaka and Y. Kobayashi
  • protrude: 1702 meters
  • Place: Jammu and Kashmir
  • condition: Jammu and Kashmir

8. Zhong Songfeng:

Zongsong Peak is located in the Janak section of the Himalayas. With an altitude of 7,462 meters, this mountain is the 57th highest peak in the world and the 3rd highest peak in Kangchenjunga. The Zongsong Summit is located at the junction of India, China and Nepal. From the first ascent of Zhongsong Peak on June 2, 1930 to the first ascent of Kamet Peak on June 21, 1931, Zhongsong Peak is the highest peak climbed in the world.

  • Mountain: Zhong Songfeng
  • mountain range: Kanchenjunga, Himalayas
  • high: 7462m (24482ft)
  • highest point: Zhongsong Summit
  • First ascent: June 2, 1930 Bericht Hörlin and Erwin Schneider
  • protrude: 1256 meters
  • Place: China and Indonesia three o’clock
  • condition: Sikkim

9. K12:

The K12 range is the second highest peak of the Saltaro Range, a sub-range of the Karakoram. Located near the Line of Control in the Siachen region of Jammu and Kashmir, its ownership remains disputed. The name K12 comes from the name given to it during the original survey of the Karakoram Mountains. The western slopes of K12 flow into the Bilaphan glacier system, which flows into the Dansum River and eventually joins the Indus River.

  • Mountain: K12
  • Mountains: Saltoro Mountains, Karakoram
  • high: 7628 m (24370 ft)
  • Highest point: not applicable
  • First ascent: 1974 Shinichi Takagi, Tsutomu Ito (Japanese)
  • protrude: 1978 meters
  • Place: Siachen region in Kashmir
  • condition: Jammu and Kashmir

10. Kaburu:

Mount Kaburu is a mountain located on the border of Nepal and India and is a sub-mountain of the Kanchenjunga range in the Himalayas.It is a ridge extending to the south of Kanchenjunga, the southernmost mountain in the world at over 7000 meters above sea level

  • Mountain: Kablu
  • Mountains: Kanchenjunga, Himalayas
  • high: 7412 m (24318 ft)
  • Highest point: not applicable
  • First ascent: dispute
  • protrude: 780m
  • Place: India-Nepal border
  • condition: Sikkim

11. Ghent Kang Day:

Ghent Kangri Mountain is one of the highest peaks near the northern end of the Saltaro Mountains, which are part of the Karakoram Mountains. It is located west of the Siachen Glacier under Pakistani control, but very close to the actual ground position line of India. Ghent Kangri was originally climbed by Austrian individual Wolfgang Axt. He was part of an Austrian expedition led by Erich Waschak, passing the West Ridge to the high camp where he climbed alone.

  • Mountain: gentconry
  • Mountains: Saltoro Mountains, Karakoram
  • high: 7401 m (24281 ft)
  • Highest point: not applicable
  • First ascent: 1961 Wolfgang Axt (Austria)
  • protrude: 1493 meters
  • Place: The Saltaro Ridge region of Gilgit-Baltistan, disputed between India and Pakistan.
  • condition: Jammu and Kashmir

12. Remo I:

Rimo I, at 7385 meters above sea level, is the main peak of Rimo Muztagh, a sub-mountain of the Karakoram Mountains. Rimo I, located 20 kilometers northeast of Siachen Glacier, is the 71st highest peak in the world. It flows into the Shyok River. Located in the heart of the eastern Karakoram Mountains. The remote location of Rimo I was not known until the 20th century. In addition, unstable political control has made the expedition even more difficult, to the point that the ascent to date has only been attempted three times in 1988, with only one success.

  • Mountain: Remo I
  • Mountains: Rimo Muztagh, Karakorum
  • high: 7385 m (24229 ft)
  • Highest point: Remo I
  • first ascent: 28 July 1988, Nima Dorje Sherpa, Tsewang Samanla (India); Yoshio Ogata, Hideki Yoshida (Japan)
  • protrude: 1438 meters
  • Place: Indian-controlled Siachen region of Ladakh
  • condition: Jammu and Kashmir

13. Kirat Churi:

Kirat Chuli is a mountain in the Himalayas. It is located between the borders of India and Nepal. The people of Sikkim and Nepal believe Kirat is the abode of their almighty goddess Yuma Saman.

  • Mountain: Kirat Churi
  • Mountains: Kanchenjunga, Himalayas
  • high: 7362 m (24153 ft)
  • Highest point: not applicable
  • First ascent: Ernst Grob, Herbert Paidar and Ludwig Schmaderer first ascent in 1939
  • protrude: 1168 meters
  • Place: Nepal/Sikkim
  • condition: Sikkim

14. Apsarasas Kangri:

Apsarasas Kangri is a peak in the Siachen Karakoram Mountains, the 96th highest peak in the world, on the border between China and the Indian-controlled Siachen Glacier, which Pakistan claims. The mountain was named Apsarasas, meaning “Land of the Fairies” by Grant Peter King of the 1908 Workers Expedition. The mountain contains 3 main peaks of uniform height, marked I, II, III from west to east. There is a saddle above 6800 meters above sea level between the East Peak and the other two peaks. Of the 3 summits, only the West Peak seems to have been climbed. Apsarasas II and III have been marked as virgin peaks by the Mountaineering Foundation of India, of which Apsarasas III or East Peak is considered…